Umm al-Khair, Occupied West Bank – The bulldozers arrived early in the morning, rumbling their way through the unpaved road that leads to the small community of Palestinian Bedouins in the rocky South Hebron Hills.
Israeli army Jeeps and a contingent of armed soldiers followed suit.
Everyone at Umm al-Khair knew why they had come, and a woman started yelling: “May God judge you for what you will do”. As the roosters crowed, the bulldozers advanced on the first of six small, metal sheet homes, crushing its walls, and turning the entire structure on its side.
Within minutes, 35 people were rendered homeless. The tiny village had been through this before, their ramshackle tin sheds and metal dwellings destroyed numerous times.
They already led a simple, tough life: Israeli authorities will not connect their community to the power grid, and anything they build – barns for their animals, huts as homes, even lavatories – is eventually destroyed.
|Suleiman Hathaleen and his granddaughter walk along the fence separating their homes from the Israeli settlement of Carmel, which was built on their own land [Dalia Hatuqa/Al Jazeera]|
Among those affected is the patriarch of the community, Suleiman Hathaleen. As he explained that the land belonged to his family, a soldier smirked. When he tried to stand in the way of the bulldozers, in a futile attempt to stop the demolitions, he was shoved aside and at one point carried away by a few soldiers.
Israeli authorities say the community is living illegally here. A spokesperson for Israel’s Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories told Al Jazeera: “Last Wednesday, enforcement measures were taken against six illegal structures, which were built without the proper permits in Umm al-Khair after handing all the relevant orders.”
Hathaleen says otherwise, and shows the deeds to the land on which the village sits and where most of the people from Umm al-Khair were born.
The paper is worn-out evidence, he says referring to the number of times he has shown it to authorities, journalists and human rights groups.
“We are Bedouins from the Jahalin clan originally from Tel Arad in the Negev,” Hathaleen said. “We bought this land from residents of the nearby town of Yata in 1965 for 100 camels.”
|Hathaleen, the patriarch of the Bedouin community of Umm al-Khair, is pushed by an Israeli soldier as Israeli bulldozers destroy their homes [Tariq and Eid Hathaleen/Al Jazeera]|
Just a stone’s throw away from the village is the Israeli settlement of Carmel, built in the 1980s on land belonging to the Hathaleens, its lush gardens, electricity and piped water, standing in stark contrast with the barrenness of Umm al-Khair, where the community is forced to live off the grid and buy tanks of water at exorbitant prices.
“We went through so many catastrophes: 1948, 1967 and now the settlements, which have taken most of our land,” Hathaleen said. “They left us with nothing. And now they want to expel us. But we will not leave.”
The aftermath of the demolition was just as daunting for the families.
A pile of metal was all that was left of the houses, along with a mound of crumpled mattresses upholstered with a flower motif, and several carpets. Children walked amid the heaps of blankets looking for things to salvage. A crib survived the destruction, and a baby was laid in it to rest as the day went on.
“This is the eighth time the Israelis have destroyed these families’ homes,” said Ibrahim Hathaleen, head of the council of Khashm al-Durj, a nearby village. “The army is working in tandem with the settlers to pressure this community to leave. That’s why it’s a constant target for demolitions.”
He said the community has faced a constant threat of displacement ever since the settlement was built and it continues to expand on to their land.
|Suleiman Hathaleen’s grandchild plays on a discarded trough. On April 6, 35 people were made homeless when Israeli authorities demolished six structures in Umm el-Khair [Dalia Hatuqa/Al Jazeera]|
The latest round of destruction in Umm al-Khair comes amid a surge in home demolitions, which has left more Palestinians displaced so far in 2016 than in all of 2015, according to a UN tally. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said the surge in demolitions is the highest in the last seven years.
The head of Israel’s military government in the West Bank acknowledged this week that the army destroys Palestinian homes it deems illegal at a faster pace than it does settler houses built without government approval.
“I want to state unequivocally that enforcement is more severe towards the Palestinians,” General Yoav Mordechai told the Knesset sub-committee for Judea and Samaria (West Bank) on Wednesday.
“Moreover, much of the enforcement with regard to the Palestinians takes place on private Palestinian land.”
Umm al-Khair, like 60 percent of the West Bank, is designated under the Oslo Accords as part of Area C, allowing Israel full military and administrative control.
Villages and towns in this area are required to apply for building permits, which are rarely given by authorities, leaving them subject to a constant threat of destruction.
|An Israeli bulldozer destroys one of six homes in the Bedouin community of Umm al-Khair [Tariq and Eid Hathaleen/Al Jazeera]|
Al Jazeera World – Area C
In Umm al-Khair, there is a demolition or a stop-work order for almost everything, including a “taboon” or outdoor clay oven – part of 11,000 injunctions pending against Palestinian-owned structures, according to the UN.
At one point, an Israeli settler couple living nearby sued the community over the aroma of baked bread being emitted from the traditional oven.
The “taboon”, which feeds approximately 40 people a day, also met the same fate as the houses: It was destroyed on several occasions. “They claim that the smell and smoke is affecting their daily life,” said Maliha Hatheleen, Suleiman’s wife.
“This oven is 50 years old,” Maliha said. “My grandmother used it to bake bread, so did my mother. And I’ve used it, my daughter will too, and hopefully my granddaughter. This is the source of our livelihood. We don’t have electricity. This is the only way for us to make bread.”
She said two of her children have been beaten by Israeli settlers, who on three other occasions, sneaked on to their land at night and poured water on the oven in an attempt to damage it.
In another incident, they attacked their cattle as they were grazing and shot one of their dogs.
“This isn’t about a few metal houses or an oven or anything else,” Suleiman Hathaleen said. “They just want us to leave, they want the entire Palestinian population to leave. Even Abu Mazen [the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas], they would expel him from Ramallah if they had the chance. But we won’t give up an inch of our land, despite the harassment.”